Facing Challenges, Working for Opportunity, Protecting Values,
The moral test of government is how it treats those
in the dawn of life, those in the twilight of life, and
those in the shadows of life.
Hubert H. Humphrey 38th
Vice President of the United States
.pdf version of LCDC Principles)
The Democratic Party's
goal is to ensure the most good, for the most people, most
of the time. Democrats are common people, c oming
together on common ground,
using common sense, for the common good. We believe every American has the potential
to accomplish great things; the Democratic Party upholds our founding fathers'
commitment to opportunity for everyone regardless of background, circumstances,
Democrats advocate a free-enterprise economic system supported by selective government
intervention to remedy the excesses and shortcomings of capitalism and to protect
those least able to help themselves in an increasingly complex society. The ideas
and visions of the Democratic Party have moved this nation forward. Social Security,
Civil Rights, clean air and water laws, and collective bargaining are examples
of Democratic policies that have improved the quality of life for all Americans.
We believe we must act as a community through neighborhood and faith-based organizations
and through our governmental entities to address the problems of today and to
plan for the problems and opportunities of tomorrow. We believe in the affirmative
use of government to regulate the private enterprise economy, promote social
and economic justice, protect freedom and opportunity, and conserve our natural
and community resources.
The Lancaster County Democratic Party has a simple vision for the future: We
want a Lancaster County that gives all residents a chance to live out their dreams
and achieve their potential. We want a county that is coming together around
our enduring values, our rich heritage and our changing diversity-rather than
drifting apart due to intolerance and selfishness.
Today's Democratic Party is determined to renew America's most basic promise:
Opportunity for every American and responsibility from every American while reawakening
our great sense of community. These values made our county and nation strong.
These same values must guide us into the future. This document, which can be
updated and amended, presents the Lancaster County Democratic Party's vision
of Opportunity, Responsibility, and Community.
as, and continues to be, a land of opportunity for many to
improve their lives
and the lives of their children and grandchildren.
Lancaster County, in particular, has been a haven for those seeking a better
life. The Democrats believe that opportunity for all depends on a well-educated
citizenry and the equitable distribution of the bounty of the world's most dynamic
Lancaster County Democrats believe that education is the key to opportunity and
is essential for a free and democratic society. We strongly support the state's
responsibility as outlined in Article III, section 14 of the Pennsylvania Constitution
which states: "The General Assembly shall provide for the maintenance and support
of a thorough and efficient system of public education to serve the needs of
It is essential for public schools to provide a first-class education to every
child, regardless of family income or where the child lives. Failure to adequately
educate our young people for the challenges of the future will weaken their ability
to compete and win in the global economy. That is why the Democratic Party believes
that education is one of the best investments we, as a society, can make. An
educated citizenry is a productive citizenry; productive citizens are prosperous
Democrats recognize the need for education reform, including high standards for
quality and accountability in every classroom. With challenging classes that
teach responsibility as well as reading, writing and arithmetic, we can succeed
together and unleash the potential within every child, every classroom, and every
Parents and taxpayers want improved public schools, but they want to know their
education dollars are being spent wisely. They want better discipline and they
believe parents must take an active role in their child's education. We, too,
share those goals and we recognize the need for all citizens to be actively involved
in the education process.
Strengthening Public Schools. More than 90 percent of children attend public
schools, and many of these schools are doing an excellent job educating our youth.
We recognize that some schools, mostly in rural and urban areas, are in dire
need. These schools and, more importantly, their students, must be helped. We
propose, among other things, that the state fund at least 50% of the cost of
public education, drop the voucher scheme to subsidize private education, and
invest more in early childhood development.
Public schools in Pennsylvania are funded primarily by property
taxes levied by local school districts. School-funding systems
based primarily on local wealth, whether property or income
taxes, yield unequal educational opportunities. Increasing local
taxes in the poorest school districts will not solve the
problem. Other, more equitable, funding sources must be found to
educate these children.
Over the past thirty years, state support for local public education has fallen
to less than 35% from its prior level of 54%. We call on the Pennsylvania General
Assembly and the governor to restore the state's share of public education funding
to at least 50% of the cost.
The state Constitution in Article III, section 15 states that "No money raised
for the support of the public schools of the Commonwealth shall be appropriated
to or used for the support of any sectarian school." Therefore, the Democratic
Party steadfastly opposes the voucher scheme, in which public education funds
would be diverted from public schools to parochial and private schools. This
concept is based on the flawed notion that competition among public and private
schools will improve the quality and efficiency of education. We do not believe
it will work, due to economic, geographic, and cultural barriers that inhibit
the true competition needed for success. Valuable public resources will go to
subsidize the private education of those children who are not the most in need,
thus neglecting the needs of our public schools and those most in need.
Studies show that early childhood development is the most important, most productive,
and most cost-effective area in which to help every child reach his or her full
potential. This is why we believe in increasing our investment in early childhood
development-particularly by fully funding Head Start and reducing class sizes
in kindergarten through third grade.
Government's Role in a Capitalist Society
It has become quite clear to most of the world that a free-enterprise economic
system is the foundation of prosperity and freedom. The Democratic Party steadfastly
supports the free-enterprise system as the best vehicle through which goods and
services can be produced and delivered.
While acknowledging its success, it would be a mistake to assume
that capitalism is perfect. It has shortcomings, which economists refer to as
market failures. Common failures of a market economy include failure of competition
(monopoly), public goods (roads, police), externalities (pollution, sprawl),
incomplete markets (insurance for volatile activities), information failures
(consumer unable to make educated purchase), and unemployment, inflation and
disequilibrium. We believe that government has a responsibility to correct these
market failures, when possible, to ensure that all citizens can enjoy the benefits
of the capitalist system.
Since our government gets its power from the people, government should serve
us all. There is no better way to spread the benefits of a capitalist economy
than for our government to steer prosperity to the greatest number of people.
That is why we support government policies that encourage private sector investment
and innovation. Government should help foster a competitive environment allowing,
but not guaranteeing, economic success for the greatest number of people. We
reject the misguided call to leave our citizens to fend for themselves. That
is why we support policies that assist those of modest means to become entrepreneurs.
Government should welcome, encourage, and assist everyone to compete and win
in our economy. It should open doors to those who have been left behind.
people in America have long acknowledged the difficulty inherent
to the farmer in the world marketplace. Protecting farmers from
destruction in either the world or domestic markets is a role
that must be filled by government.
Standing up for working people.
We support the efforts to achieve a living wage
for all laborers. We oppose efforts to undermine workers' rights to form and
join unions. We support increases in the minimum wage to a family-sustaining
level. Additionally, Democrats believe in equal pay for equal work and in pay
Encouraging free enterprise, helping small businesses grow, creating family-sustaining
jobs and protecting the rights of workers and farmers are among the most important
responsibilities of government.
Taxation and Progressivity
The government services we need and enjoy cost money. Taxes and fees are the
methods by which our government funds its activities and programs. How we tax
ourselves is important to the economy and to our sense of fairness. Taxation
should conform to basic principles. First, taxes should be consistent with economic
efficiency-as unobtrusive as possible. Second, taxation should be seen by taxpayers
as fair and equitable.
Democrats believe progressive taxation is consistent with equity and efficiency.
Progressivity simply means that those who can afford to pay more do. We believe
those who have been blessed most with success in our economy have the greatest
responsibility to contribute to the maintenance of our community.
In most cases, we measure ability to pay in terms of income. Those with the highest
incomes (wages and investments) should contribute more than those with the lowest
incomes. Our federal income taxation system is progressive. Those with higher
incomes are taxed at higher marginal rates. Progressive taxation slows the accumulation
of wealth into the hands of the few, which can be detrimental to the growth of
Democrats oppose flat tax proposals. Flat taxes are regressive and disproportionately
hurt those with the lowest incomes. For instance, a family earning $20,000 a
year has little money left after paying for food, clothing, shelter, and health
care-their disposable income. If they must pay taxes at the same rate as a family
earning $100,000, the tax burden on the poorer family consumes a vastly larger
portion of that family's disposable income than it does of the wealthier family's
Flat taxes look fair on the surface, but, in practice, they favor the wealthy.
If everyone were taxed at the same rate, those with the highest incomes would
pay less than they do now and those with the lowest incomes would pay more. We
should be encouraging our modest-income working families, not taxing them into
poverty so the rich can pay less.
As Democrats, we support the continued existence of a federal estate tax, which
mainly affects the wealthiest 2% of American families, provided that family farms
and small family businesses are exempt from such a
We all have responsibilities in a free
society, collectively and individually. Collectively, we act
through our government.
Our government has the responsibility
to maintain law and order, to function without the undue influence of special
interests, to govern in the most responsive and efficient manner, and to respect
and maintain individual privacy. Individually, we must be committed to full political
discourse and participation. Further, we must respect the rights of those who
espouse views contrary to our own.
Crime and the Criminal Justice System
Law and Order. The Lancaster County Democratic Party believes that preventing
and fighting crime-in that order-are among the most important responsibilities
of government. We believe strongly in maintaining a healthy environment in which
all citizens will choose opportunity, not crime.
Lancaster County residents deserve a criminal justice system in which criminals
are caught, the guilty are convicted, and the convicted serve their time. We
denounce crime and violence on our streets and believe that people who commit
violent crimes should be punished.
Lancaster County Democrats understand what the police have been saying for years:
The best way to fight crime is to prevent it. That is why we support drug and
alcohol education programs in our schools. We support organized youth programs
that give young people alternatives to hanging out on the streets. We support
efforts to create and maintain healthy communities.
We believe that warehousing criminals is not the answer to reducing crime. Furthermore,
we believe in "restorative justice," which holds criminals accountable directly
to the victims and the community rather than just "doing time." This can include
restitution to the victim and the performance of community service.
Mandatory minimum sentencing policies (that now exist in every state) are targeted
disproportionately to drug offenders, who make up one in four inmates. Many of
these are non-violent, first-time offenders, and their lengthy prison sentences
carry a high cost to taxpayers. We believe the authority and discretion of sentencing
should be returned to judges who can weigh all the evidence to impose a sentence
to fit every crime.
Lancaster County Democrats recognize that many of the inmates in state prisons
are mentally challenged or suffering from mental illness. We believe that our
fellow residents with mental illnesses do not belong in prison. They belong in
humane treatment facilities that are better equipped to recognize mental illnesses,
dispense proper medications, and address their special needs. Humane treatment
can be combined with restorative justice measures to see that the public interest
Ending domestic violence. Because it is a threat from within, nothing is a more
dangerous threat to the safety of our families than domestic violence. Violence
against spouses and children is a dangerous intruder that we must work together
to drive from our homes. We support a coordinated, community-based response to
Last, we believe common-sense gun safety laws are needed to eliminate the scourge
of gun violence in our streets, schools, and communities. We firmly respect and
support the rights of hunters to pursue their sport and do not support laws that
eliminate this privilege. Common-sense gun safety laws target dangerous weapons
and their acquisition, not the law-abiding safe hunter.
We believe a competition of ideas is essential to a strong democracy. Modern
elections have become too expensive. Those with the most money have the most
say in who gets elected. It is not that others cannot speak their minds, but
rather that those who are poorly financed cannot afford to get their ideas and
messages to the voters. Those who cannot raise huge sums of money cannot compete.
In such one-sided campaigns, the best interests of the people are not served.
The Lancaster County Democratic Party knows we have a responsibility to make
our democracy work better by limiting the influence of special interests and
returning the power to the people. We share the feeling that government is more
responsive to well-financed special interests than to the average working family.
We are concerned that not everyone has the opportunity for a voice in the democratic
workings of all levels of government.
While money provides the vehicle through which speech is delivered, we are concerned
that money is being equated with speech. Money is not speech. Money is money.
Further, we see the inequity of money between candidates as a threat to an open
political process. We favor the competition of ideas.
We call for the following reforms: First, we support public financing of campaigns
as the best investment to promote competition among candidates for public office.
Public financing would ensure that all candidates reach the same financial threshold needed to get out their messages. Second, some access to the public airwaves
should be free. Television is the most effective and most expensive medium through
which to contact voters. We believe television franchisees have a duty to our
society to provide limited free access to candidates. Third, we support strict
limits on campaign contributions, and immediate and full disclosure of all contributors.
It is important that we limit the ability of large contributors to dominate the
Government programs and operations must be continually reevaluated to ensure
that they are efficient, effective, and in the public interest. We believe that
government should be continually reinventing itself to better serve its customers.
The Lancaster County Democratic Party believes that we should be open to exploring
alternative forms of county government, including, but not limited to, the county
council and executive form used in a growing number of Pennsylvania counties
under a "home rule" charter.
Democrats believe in the concept of "home rule." We support this change in government
for several reasons. Home rule would allow Lancaster County to pass local ordinances
to deal with our problems rather than relying on authorizing legislation from
the state legislature.
Additionally, we could
establish a strong executive and legislative county council
form of governing. There would be a clear separation of legislative and executive
powers, rather than the combined process of the county commission form we now
have. With county council members elected by district, there would be an increased
likelihood of greater Democratic representation.
To that end, we believe citizens of Lancaster County should be open to exploring
a Home Rule Study Commission to look into county home rule and county government
Individual privacy is an ever-increasing concern to Americans. Its importance
will grow in the years to come with the continuing revolution brought on by information
technologies such as the Internet and wireless communication. The Bill of Rights
protects us from government intrusion into our personal affairs. Democrats stand
firm in defending the right of an individual to be safe from unwanted intrusions
in the areas of life, liberty, property, and family. Citizens should be empowered
with control over with whom their sensitive, personal information is shared.
The Lancaster County Democratic Party believes in individual decision-making
and strongly supports the rights of individuals to pursue what they feel is in
their best interest. We recognize and accept that deep and sincere differences
exist in our society over the issues of conception and birth control. We believe
these are private matters best left to the conscience of the individual and should
not be mandated by any level of government.
Civility in Political Discourse
Like most Americans, we are concerned with the tenor of modern political
debate. Character assassination, obfuscation, and misrepresentation appear to
have replaced respectful dialogue on important issues. We seek a return to mutual
respect among those with differing viewpoints and political persuasions.
Democrats believe in vigorous debates of political issues. Such debate can be
lively and still marked by integrity and responsibility. We favor public debate
that is rational, compassionate, and infused with concern for the well-being
of citizens. In short, we believe in campaigns that are free of hostility, where
the focus is on issues of public concern. In this respectful climate, public
service, leadership, qualities of programs, and the abilities of candidates and
parties to direct government can and should be thoroughly debated.
We support free, open, and lively debate on ideas and programs. We encourage
members of other political parties to commit themselves to reasoned and respectful
discourse aimed at the public good. Anything less is demeaning to the political
process, the public, and the individuals involved.
A sense of community
is the tie that binds us together as citizens of Lancaster County. Our neighborhoods,
municipalities, counties, and states are interconnected and interdependent.
What we do in one area has effects in other areas. Because
of this, we must conduct
ourselves in a way that respects the interests of the whole community. Community
is about stewardship, respect, and teamwork. A strong sense of community
is needed to preserve and enhance our quality of life.
The Democratic Party wants all citizens to be able to enjoy
Lancaster County's magnificent natural heritage. We want
all people to know that the air we breathe
is pure, the water we drink is clean, and the land we live and work on is
safe from pollutants and hazards.
Democrats know we can protect the environment and grow the economy. We believe
we can attract more jobs in the long term by safeguarding our natural resources.
We challenge businesses and communities to take steps toward being more aggressive
stewards of our environment.
We are committed to conserving and enhancing open spaces and greenways, and
we support using taxpayer dollars to achieve this goal. We support recycling
the efficient use of energy and land. We believe that investment in mass
transit, cleaner vehicles, renewable energy sources, and watershed protection
for the environment and the economy.
Sound environmental practices create great places in which to live and work.
We must continue our efforts in this area.
Agriculture and the rural community. Lancaster County has a rich agricultural
heritage and the most productive non-irrigated farmland in the country, if
not the world. Our abundant agricultural economy must be preserved and strengthened
as we enter a new century. We believe in protecting family farms and ensuring
that family farmers receive a fair return for their investment.
Home is the center of our lives-our refuge, if you will. It gives us a sense
of place, comfort, and belonging. It is where we raise our most valuable
resource-the next generation, our children. Lancaster County is a special
place in which
to live and we must strive to maintain its unique character. The attributes
brought our forebears and us here-the quality of life, historical and cultural
heritage, open space, farmland, real estate values, and a strong local economy-must
One threat to our quality of life is suburban sprawl that results from unplanned
growth. Development should be planned with an eye toward controlling its
negative effects on the community. As Democrats, we support smart growth
are sensitive and compatible with our natural environment and our way of
life. We support programs that promote safe and affordable housing for children,
senior citizens, and future generations in every municipality.
We oppose ill-planned development that makes it impossible for neighbors
to greet each other on a sidewalk or requires that one use a quart of gasoline
to the supermarket for a quart of milk. This is what happens when we don't
look at the whole picture. This kind of growth is not the American way. We
communities, comfortable suburbs, vibrant cities and green spaces all around.
Inter-municipal cooperation is essential in planning for development, public
services, and infrastructure. We encourage the use and periodic review of
a well-balanced county comprehensive plan, including a land-use master plan
laws that require housing opportunities for all income levels in all municipalities.
Therefore, we support changes to the state's Municipalities Planning Code
that strengthen and promote regional planning and inter-municipal cooperation.
We support efforts to promote land conservation by the use and development
of creative zoning ordinances that reduce large lot minimums to achieve greater
efficiencies and allow more families to live on less land.
Additionally, Democrats support efforts to revitalize our urban areas-Lancaster
City, our boroughs, and towns-by fueling a renewal of existing housing stock
and encouraging the inflow of new families into urban areas. We support promoting
family-friendly policies, encouraging neighborhood development, affordable
housing, and home ownership. When areas with existing public services are
growth over farmland, we maximize our public infrastructure dollars. We recognize
the need for infrastructure improvements throughout the county, particularly
transportation, water, and sewer systems. We urge the Governor and the Legislature
to increase their level of investment in our county's infrastructure.
Relationship of city and county.
The Democratic Party supports efforts to
maintain a strong and vibrant Lancaster City, which is the cultural and economic
of the county. Since many of the county's governmental, cultural, and health
care institutions are located in the city and enjoy tax-free status, we believe
that the county as a whole has a responsibility to ensure that Lancaster
remains vibrant. Enhancing the quality of life in the city makes it a more
place to live and work. This, in turn, helps to reduce the demand for suburban
development and the effects of sprawl.
A critical part of Lancaster County's identity and
economy is our rich, fertile farmland. We support the farmland preservation
which protects our most fertile land for farming forever. The county Farm
Preservation Board has done a superior job in maintaining this precious resource.
and support this
Although it is human nature to embrace that with which we are most familiar,
our country was founded on religious, ethnic, and racial diversity. The infusion
of divergent points of view and cultures has enriched our country in countless
ways. To benefit from our rich diversity, we must respect the differences
that exist between us.
Lancaster County Democrats value and encourage active participation in the
political process of people from all walks of life, without regard to gender,
ethnicity, disability, economic status, religion, or sexual orientation.
The Democratic Party will actively recruit and provide opportunities, training,
and support for people from groups previously under-represented to achieve
and succeed in leadership positions. We will carry out the directives in
state, and local by-laws of the Democratic Party that call for gender parity
in all party leadership offices.
Fighting discrimination and protecting civil rights. Lancaster County Democrats
know we must renew our efforts to stamp out discrimination and hatred of
every kind, wherever and whenever we see it. We will continue to lead the
end discrimination on the basis of race, gender, religion, age, ethnicity,
disability, and sexual orientation. As Lancaster County grows more diverse,
we must celebrate
and draw strength from our differences and our shared values.
Separation of Church and State
The Democratic Party firmly
believes in the separation of church and state. The First
Amendment states that "Congress shall make no law respecting an
establishment of religion or prohibiting the free exercise
thereof." It is a mandate to neither aid nor hinder religion, by
any institution of government. We respect the wisdom of our
nation's founders who adopted the First Amendment.
Religious pluralism is expanding in the United States. This growth in diversity,
cultures, and religions makes it even more important to maintain a wall of
separation between church and state. Religious freedom for all only exists
because of this
separation. Religious conviction is a matter of faith that cannot be forced
upon or taken away by government. Religion in America will flourish or perish
the support or opposition of government. Conclusion As we begin a new millennium,
it is important for us, as citizens, to reflect on the progress that we have
made since this country's inception. This progress was made possible by combining
the power of a market economy and the wisdom of our collective conscience
and intellect with the tool of government action. Our country has matured
one of modest means that endorsed slavery and discrimination into the most
nation in the world that provides ever-expanding opportunities to all citizens.
Democrats are proud of the progress that has been made to promote equality
and opportunity for all citizens by the Democrats of yesteryear. This progress
not easy and we must be vigilant to ensure that the hard-earned progress
of the past is not squandered.
We renew our commitment to the affirmative use of government, when appropriate,
to provide opportunity for every American, to promote responsibility from
every American, and to protect and enrich our communities. We welcome all
our vision to join in our effort.